What is Oolong Tea?

oolong teaOolong/Wulong is one of the six main classes of Chinese teas.  Oolong teas are semi-fermented and therefore sit between the unfermented green teas and fully fermented black teas.  There are many members in this family.  Fermentation is a crucial determinant during the process of tea making and various Oolong teas are fermented to different levels.  For example Tie Guan Yin is about 20% fermented, while Da Hong Pao is about 85%.  In conjunction with other variants such as tea plants and different tea making techniques, the members of this family present a vast degree of variation in both their appearance and taste.